31
May

Secara sepintas, media informasi hanyalah elemen pendukung suatu kebudayaan. Namun demikian, bidang ini sangat berperan dalam menentukan arah dan perkembangan peradaban manusia. Apalagi, kemajuan teknologi informasi telah mengalami lompatan-lompatan yang cukup mengagumkan.

Penemuan microchip pada dasa warsa 90-an telah mendorong perkembangan teknologi komputer dan multi media secara pesat. Perkembangan teknologi demikian merupakan kekuatan yang memungkinkan diperolehnya informasi tentang berbagai fenomena yang tejadi hampir di seluruh pelosok dunia dalam waktu singkat dan hanya dengan menekan remote control.

27
May

BANYAK orang mengaitkan antara puasa dan kemerdekaan karena didasarkan pada fakta bahwa proklamasi kemerdekaan RI dilakukan pada bulan Ramadan. Padahal, hubungan antara puasa dan kemerdekaan tidaklah hanya sebatas hubungan historis semacam itu. Hubungan antara puasa dan kemerdekaan akan jauh lebih relevan bila dilihat dari persfektif esoteris (inner meaning) dari esensi ibadah puasa itu sendiri.
 

27
May

PUASA adalah ibadah yang memiliki dimensi spritual yang sangat tinggi. Ibadah puasa tidak hanya dimaksudkan agar mereka yang melakukannya dapat merasakan penderitaan orang-orang yang membutuhkan (people in need), tetapi lebih dari itu puasa juga dimaksudkan sebagai latihan spritual (madrasah ruhaniyyah).
 

26
May

Pendahuluan

Wacana relasi antara sains dan mistisisme yang digagas oleh Fritjof Capra menimbulkan pesona tersendiri bagi banyak kalangan. Keberaniannya untuk keluar dari kungkungan paradigma sains yang bersifat positivistik, empiris, dan rasional menuju paradigma spritual, metafisis, dan moral telah menempatkannya pada posisi strategis di antara sederetan ilmuwan kontemporer lainnya. Melalui sintesa akademis yang cukup briliant, Capra mencoba mempertemukan dua kutub dunia (baca: Barat dan Timur) yang selama ini selalu dipertentangkan.

26
May

Alfred Jules Ayer was a key proponent of emotivism. In ethical theory, emotivism is considered as a non-cognitivism which contends that moral judgments are expressions of moral attitudes or opinion that cannot be true or false. As a branch of non-cognitivism, emotivism holds that moral judgments are expressions of positive or negative feelings. For an emotivist, a statement like “lying is wrong” has no meaning. Its meaning is no more than “yuk boo!” that expresses a negative feeling about something. Since it is not an empirical or analytical statement, we cannot justify whether it is right or wrong. At this point, we can see how emotivism and subjectivism are different. Unlike emotivism, subjectivism declares that we can justify right or wrong (moral judgments) through subjective states of individuals. Thus, a moral judgment such as “lying is wrong” could be right or wrong depends on the feelings and attitudes of the persons who think about such things.
 

26
May

In chapter III of Sufism and Taoism, Toshihiko Izutsu discusses the self-knowledge of man. It seems to be that there is a paradox. On the one hand, it is mentioned that God is totally unknowable. From ontological point of view, for instance, it considers God as a Pure Quintessence about which we can know nothing at all nor with which we can come into direct contact. And on another hand, it is asserted that the aim and benefit of hikmah is the cognizance (ma’rifah) of God.
 

26
May

Existentialism


Existentialism is a philosophical term which posits that individuals create the meaning and essence of their lives. Existentialism asserts that “existence precedes essence,” which is in opposition to the classical doctrine that “essence precedes existence.” The claim “existence precedes essence” is a rejection of the idea that human nature has an end or goal. In this sense, humans are free to choose their own destiny.
 

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